14. April 2021
Political mandate on collective bargaining and gender: Can collective bargaining help close the gender pay gap in atypical occupations? To be legal, a labour dispute requires in principle that the union concerned has a reasonable professional interest in seeking a collective agreement. This means that the work that the union is trying to regulate through an agreement must fall within the scope of the union. Example 2: Electricians working in a construction project refuse, as part of a solidarity action, to work for the client because the foreign company responsible for the other construction tasks has not yet signed an agreement, as requested in the main fight against the foreign company. General collective agreements or frameworks are agreements that govern basic working conditions for all workers in the same sector. Collective/wage agreements govern payments in a particular company or sector. One of the fundamental principles in Denmark is that trade unions have the right to enter into collective agreements with employers and employers` organisations. Unions can take different types of collective action to reach an agreement with an employer. You can also see it as a foreign employer with people who have been deployed to Denmark. A company can also apply to a Danish employers` organisation and apply for membership, so that it is covered by the same collective agreement as the employer organisation concerned and its members. This chapter proposes a comprehensive and current review of collective bargaining systems and language agreements for workers in OECD countries. Despite the decline in trade union density and wage setting over the past 40 years, collective bargaining remains an important institution in the labour market.
Nevertheless, understanding of this key institution is limited by the fact that collective bargaining systems are often described using coarse and oversimplified indicators in the literature. This chapter details the characteristics of collective bargaining systems that are particularly important for labour market outcomes. In accordance with Section 6 bis of the Worker Detachment Act, a number of conditions must be met to enable Danish trade unions to fight against foreign companies. The section also describes the maximum wage elements that may be required in the collective agreement. In Denmark, there are many examples of trade unions taking union action to reach a collective agreement. This includes Danish and foreign employers. Compared to foreign employers, the right to trade union action in the construction industry has been particularly important. A number of complementary rules are also part of the agreement, such as the general agreement between the Danish Employers` Confederation (DA) and the Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) (Hovedaftalen). Collective bargaining and the voice of workers are important workers` rights and potentially powerful facilitators of an inclusive labour market. As digital transformation, globalization and demographic changes reorganize the labour market, collective bargaining is well positioned to find solutions to the collective challenges that lie ahead. Yet their ability to provide is threatened by the weakening of labour relations in many countries, the prosperity of new forms of employment, often more precarious, and the gradual individualization of labour relations.